|CPU (Central Processing Unit)
|Often referred to as the ‘brain’ of the computer, it processes instructions from hardware and software.
|Performs most of the processing inside the computer.
|The main circuit board that houses the CPU, memory and connections to other hardware.
|Serves as a central hub for the connection of all computer hardware components.
|RAM (Random Access Memory)
|Temporary, ‘volatile’ memory that stores information the CPU uses short-term.
|Allows information to be stored and accessed quickly on a temporary basis.
|Long term, ‘non-volatile’ storage of user and system data.
|Stores all information on the computer, including the operating system, applications, and individual files.
|GPU (Graphics Processing Unit)
|Specialized processor for rendering images, video and animations.
|Handles the rendering of images, video and animations.
|Converts electricity from a standard outlet into usable power for computer components.
|Powers all hardware components inside the computer.
|Display screen to view computer’s output.
|Allows user to interact with the software of the computer.
|Keyboard and Mouse
|Common input devices used to interact with the computer.
|Allows user to input data into the computer.
|Processes audio files to deliver sound to the speakers.
|Handles the input and output of audio signals.
|Allows the computer to communicate over a network and access the Internet.
|Handles network connections to other computers or the internet.