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    Essentials – Computer – Monitor

    SizeThis indicates the diagonal measurement of the monitor’s screen. Common sizes range between 19 and 32 inches, although larger monitors are also available.
    ResolutionThe number of pixels displayed on the screen, typically represented as width x height. Common resolutions include 1980×1080 (Full HD), 2560×1440 (Quad HD), and 3840×2160 (4K Ultra HD).
    Refresh RateMeasured in Hertz (Hz), this refers to the number of times the monitor refreshes the image on the screen per second. Common refresh rates include 60Hz, 120Hz, 144Hz and 240Hz. A higher refresh rate results in smoother, less choppy visuals.
    Response TimeThis is the time it takes for a pixel to change from one color to another, measured in milliseconds (ms). Lower response times mean less motion blur and ghosting.
    Panel TypeThe technology used in the monitor’s display. Common types include IPS, VA, and TN. Each has strengths and weaknesses in terms of color accuracy, response time, viewing angles, and contrast ratios.
    ConnectorsTypes of ports available to connect the monitor to a computer or other source. Common connectors include HDMI, DisplayPort, DVI, VGA, and USB-C.
    Aspect RatioThe ratio of the width of the display to its height. Common aspect ratios include 16:9 (widescreen) and 21:9 (ultrawide).
    Color DepthThe number of colors that can be displayed on the monitor. This is generally represented in bits, with higher numbers offering more accurate color representation.
    Adaptive SyncTechnology that syncs the monitor’s refresh rate with the graphics card’s output to reduce screen tearing and stuttering. Popular types include Nvidia’s G-Sync and AMD’s FreeSync.
    Stand AdjustmentsThe types of adjustments available on the monitor stand, such as tilt (up and down), swivel (left and right), pivot (portrait and landscape rotation), and height.