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    History – Main Figures in The Renessaince

    1. Leonardo da Vinci – Often referred to as a “universal genius,” Leonardo da Vinci was an extraordinary Renaissance painter, architect, engineer, and scientist. Notable for his paintings, such as “The Last Supper” and “Mona Lisa”, his inherent enigma and curiosity made considerable contributions to various areas of knowledge.
    2. Michelangelo Buonarroti – Renowned as an unparalleled sculptor, painter, architect, and poet. His key works like “David,” the ceiling of the “Sistine Chapel,” and “Pieta” showcase his mastery of the human form and profound understanding of spirituality and expression.
    3. Raphael Sanzio – Celebrated for his exquisite painting and architectural designs, Raphael primarily cemented his place in art history due to his diversity in subject matter. His most famous work “The School of Athens” beautifully encapsulates the essence of classical philosophy and learning.
    4. Niccolò Machiavelli – An influential political philosopher, Machiavelli’s seminal work, “The Prince” notoriously discusses acquiring and retaining political power. This text remains highly influential in discussions surrounding political structure and strategy.
    5. Galileo Galilei – A central figure in the scientific revolution within the Renaissance period, Galileo’s work with the newly-invented telescope lent invaluable observations around our solar system. He made critical contributions to physics, astronomy, and the scientific method.
    6. Johannes Gutenberg – Recognized for inventing movable type printing in Europe, Gutenberg’s press played a crucial role in the spread of literacy, knowledge, and ultimately set the only precedent for future information revolutions.
    7. Martin Luther – The establishment of Protestant Reformation can be attributed to this theologian’s questioning of Roman Catholic practices and penned protest, Ninety-Five Theses. Luther’s influence greatly shaped the landscape of Christianity and European society.
    8. Desiderius Erasmus – A productive scholar of religious scripture and early humanist, Erasmus’s writings on various subjects have been critical in shaping Christian humanism. His calls for religious tolerance and education reform were especially notable.
    9. Thomas More – Remembered most for his satire of an ideal society, “Utopia.” More was also a respected statesman and social philosopher. His intellectual contributions were vital to humanist thinking.
    10. William Shakespeare – The English playwright and poet significantly transformed the literary and dramatic world. His plays such as “Romeo and Juliet,” “Hamlet,” “King Lear,” and “Macbeth” continue to echo his genius and universal understanding of the human spirit.