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    Philosophy and Religion – Ethics

    1. Utilitarianism – An outline of the ethical theory proposed by Jeremy Bentham that argues the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.
    2. Kantian Ethics – An exploration of Immanuel Kant’s deontological ethics, which suggests that the morality of an action lies it its adherence to duty, irrespective of the consequences.
    3. Virtue Ethics – Delves into the premise of virtue ethics that emphasizes moral character over rules or consequences, largely advocated by ancient philosophers such as Artistotle.
    4. Ethics of Care – Discusses an ethical framework that directs our attention to the role of caring and relationships to moral decision-making.
    5. Environmental Ethics – Highlights increasing ethical concerns in the 90s about the relationship between humans and the environment, particularly regarding preservation and sustainability.
    6. Business Ethics – An overview of morally complex decisions that businesses face, including conflicts of interest, whistleblowing, and corporate responsibility.
    7. Bioethics – Discusses ethical issues arising from advances in medical treatment, life sciences, and biotechnology.
    8. Animal Rights – Explores the argument for recognizing the fundamental rights of non-human animals, marking a society shift towards ethical treatment of animals.
    9. Multicultural Ethics – A contemporary discussion of ethical considerations in multicultural societies and the balance between universal human rights and cultural relativism.
    10. Consequentialism – Talks about the ethical theory that the outcomes or consequences of one’s conduct are the ultimate basis for judgment about the morality of that conduct.