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    Tables – Architectural styles

    PeriodKey CharacteristicsKey Works/ArchitectsDates
    Ancient EgyptianLinear alignments, grandiosityPyramids of Giza, Temples3100-332 BC
    Classical GreekOrder, proportion and perspectiveThe Parthenon, Temple of Hephaestus600-323 BC
    RomanGrandeur, use of arches and domesColosseum, Pantheon509 BC- 476 AD
    ByzantineComplex plans, richly decoratedHagia Sophia, San Vitale330-1453 AD
    RomanesqueThick walls, round archesLe Puy Cathedral, Abbey of Cluny1000-1200 AD
    GothicPointed arches, light and airy structuresNotre-Dame, Chartres Cathedral12th-16th century
    RenaissanceRebirth of classical influence, symmetrySt. Peter’s Basilica, Villa Rotonda15th -17th century
    BaroqueOpulent, emphasized motionVersailles Palace, St. Paul’s Cathedral16th -18th century
    NeoclassicismOrder, simplicity, symmetry, Greek and Roman influenceUS Capitol, Panthéon18th-19th century
    VictorianOrnate, eclectic stylesBritish Parliament, Carson Mansion19th century
    ModernismForm follows function, clean lines, minimalismVilla Savoye, Fallingwater, Seagram BuildingEarly 20th century
    PostmodernReaction against modernism, diversity, complexityPortland Building, Piazza d’ItaliaMid-20th century-today
    High-techAdvanced technology, industrial aestheticPompidou Centre, Lloyd’s BuildingLate 20th century-today
    DeconstructivismFragmentation, non-rectilinear shapesGuggenheim Bilbao, Walt Disney Concert HallLate 20th century-today
    Bio-architectureEco-friendly, sustainable, organic structuresThe Eden Project, Juvet Landscape HotelLate 20th century-today
    ParametricismDesign based on algorithms, complex curvilinear formsThe Heydar Aliyev Center, Beijing National StadiumEarly 21st century-today
    Neo-futurismSustainable, organic, technologically advancedThe Shard, Burj KhalifaEarly 21st century-today