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    Tables – Famous archaeologists

    Chronological OrderNameDescription
    1Nabonidus (6th century BC)Known as the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, he is considered by some to be the first archaeologist. His main interests were in historical inscriptions and architectural conservation.
    2Augustus (63 BC – 14 AD)In his efforts to restore Rome, the first Roman Emperor, Augustus, had many ancient structures renovated, providing insights into architecture of preceding ages.
    3Pompeii (1st century AD)There were recorded individuals who cleared and restored homes after the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum, marking perhaps the first post-disaster archaeological work.
    4Thabit ibn Qurra (826-901 AD)A mathematician, astronomer, and translator, who conducted some archaeological investigations in his native Harran.
    5Petrus Alfonsi (11th – 12th century)A physician, writer and astronomer whose records provide us with archaeological references to the city of Huesca.
    6Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)He studied fossils and integrated geological observation into his artworks.
    7Raja Raja Chola I (10th century AD)Known for commissioning the temples and other structures of the Chola Empire.
    8John Leland (1503–1552)An English antiquary, poet, and clergyman, who conducted several studies relating to the antiquities of England and Wales, describing monastic libraries and recording monuments.
    9Prosper Mérimée (1803-1870)The first Inspector-General of historical monuments in France, conducting surveys and contributing significantly towards the study and preservation of French architectural heritage.
    10Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes (1788-1868)The first to establish that Europe had been populated by early man, based on his excavation works in the Somme valley.
    11Augustus Pitt Rivers (1827-1900)A British army officer and ethnologist who conducted detailed, methodological excavations and pioneered the typological method of artefact classification.
    12Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890)A pioneer in the field of archaeology and is known for discovering the remains of the ancient city of Troy.
    13William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942)One of the founding figures of the field of Egyptology, he also introduced more methodical approaches in archaeology.
    14Sir Mortimer Wheeler (1890-1976)Famed for his methodical approach to excavation, Wheeler brought meticulous record keeping to the discipline.
    15Hiram Bingham III (1875-1956)Known for discovering the Inca city of Machu Picchu, thereby putting it on the map for future generations.