|A charter of rights agreed to by King John of England, often viewed as a cornerstone of liberty in the English-speaking world.
|The Declaration of Independence
|A document declaring the 13 American colonies’ independence from British rule.
|The supreme law of the United States, highlighting democratic principles and human rights.
|The Bill of Rights
|The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, outlining individual freedoms.
|Document by Abraham Lincoln declaring all enslaved people in Confederate territory to be free.
|Treaty of Versailles
|Treaty to end World War I and hold Germany accountable.
|The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
|Document by the United Nations outlining fundamental human rights.
|Indian Independence Act
|UK / India
|Document that partitioned British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.
|The Charter of the United Nations
|Foundational treaty of the United Nations, a global intergovernmental organization.
|Antisemitic and racist laws during Nazi regime.
|One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world.
|The Treaty of Tordesillas
|Spain / Portugal
|Agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling disputes over lands newly discovered.
|The Gutenberg Bible
|The first major book printed in the West using movable type.
|The Treaty of Waitangi
|Agreement that is considered the founding document of New Zealand.
|The Domesday Book
|Record of the “Great Survey” of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086.
|The Rosetta Stone
|Stele inscribed with decree issued in 196 BC, instrumental in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs.
|The United States Declaration of War on Japan
|Document formalizing the United States’ entry into WWII following the Pearl Harbor attack.
|The Ninety-Five Theses
|Proposals by Martin Luther for an academic disputation, led to the Protestant Reformation.
|Palestinian Declaration of Independence
|Unilateral declaration of independence of a State of Palestine.
|The Federalist Papers
|Collection of 85 articles and essays promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution.