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    Tables – Military signaling hardware

    Hardware TypeDescriptionUse in Military
    1. Radio SystemsThese use the principles of electromagnetic radiation for the transmission of spoken or written communications.They form the backbone of military communication. Various grades of radios exist, ranging from small portable devices to large, vehicle-mounted systems.
    2. Satellite Communication SystemsThese use satellites for relay of communications.They are essential for global-level communication, allowing instant transmission of information across large distances. Used for warfare operations, surveillance, navigation etc.
    3. Tactical Data LinksData link is a method for exchanging digital messages between two or more entities in a network.They allow the sharing of tactical information between units and platforms in real time, greatly enhancing battlefield awareness.
    4. Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET)These are self-configuring networks with infrastructure-less mobile devices.Used for rapid deployment in situations where no communication infrastructure exists. Useful in remote or hostile locations.
    5. HF, VHF, UHF RadiosThese are radio frequency communication systems.Used for short-range (VHF, UHF) and long-range (HF) line-of-sight communication, allowing direct communication between units in the field.
    6. Underwater Communication SystemsThese are designed to function in aquatic environments.Used for communication with submerged submarines or for conducting underwater exploration and warfare.
    7. Microwave Communication SystemsThese use very high frequency, line-of-sight communication.Often used for secure, high-bandwidth communication over relatively short distances.
    8. Optical Communication SystemsThese use light (lasers) for transmission of data.Used for secure, high-bandwidth communication. Unaffected by electromagnetic interference.
    9. Beacons and FlaresThese are visual or infrared signaling devices.Used for signaling, illumining and marking locations in the field.
    10. Field TelephonesThese are robust, user-friendly voice communication devices.Used for secure communication between fixed points, such as command posts.
    11. Radar SystemsThese use radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.Used for detection and tracking of aircraft, ships and other large objects.
    12. Sonar SystemsThese use sound propagation to navigate, communicate or detect other vessels.Used underwater for detection and tracking submarines or other underwater objects.