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    Tables – World Events 1990s

    1990Reunification of Germany: After years of separation following the WWII, East and West Germany are finally united into one nation.
    1991Persian Gulf War: A coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq to liberate Kuwait.
    1991Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries.
    1992European Union Created: The Maastricht Treaty was signed, establishing the European Union.
    1993Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk awarded the Nobel Peace Prize: Recognised for their efforts to end apartheid and laying the foundations for a democratic South Africa.
    1994Rwandan Genocide: Around 800,000 Tutsi ethnic group were slaughtered by the Hutu majority over a 100 day period.
    1994Apartheid Ends in South Africa: Nelson Mandela becomes President in South Africa’s first multi-racial elections.
    1995Srebrenica massacre: Bosnian Serb army committed genocide against Bosniak men and boys, considered the most horrific event in Europe since WWII.
    1997Hong Kong returned to China: The United Kingdom handed Hong Kong back to China, ending over 150 years of British rule.
    1998Good Friday Agreement: A significant political development in the Northern Ireland peace process.
    1999Euro Introduced: The Euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency.