|Launch of Sputnik 1
|The first human-made object to orbit the Earth, marking the start of the space age.
|First human in space
|Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth.
|First Woman in space
|Valentina Tereshkova, also a Soviet astronaut, became the first woman in space.
|Apollo 11 Moon landing
|American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the Moon.
|First space station
|The Soviet Union launched Salyut 1, the first space station.
|Pioneer 10, first Jupiter flyby
|Pioneer 10 becames the first spacecraft to traverse the asteroid belt and perform a flyby of Jupiter.
|Viking 1 Mars landing
|The US succesfully lands Viking 1 on Mars, performing the first successful landing and performing a lengthy mission.
|First launch of Space Shuttle
|NASA’s Space Shuttle, the world’s first reusable spacecraft, makes its maiden voyage.
|International Space Station
|The first module of the ISS is launched, establishing a permanent human presence in space.
|SpaceShipOne, first commercial human spaceflight
|The privately funded SpaceShipOne makes the first commercial human spaceflight.
|Curiosity Rover landing on Mars
|NASA’s Curiosity rover lands on Mars, starting its mission to investigate Martian climate and geology.
|First successful landing of a reusable rocket
|SpaceX’s Falcon 9 makes a successful vertical landing, ushering in the era of reusable rockets.
|First commercial flight to the ISS
|SpaceX’s Crew Dragon becomes the first commercial spacecraft to deliver astronauts to the ISS.