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    Timelines – Evolution of space travel

    1957Launch of Sputnik 1The first human-made object to orbit the Earth, marking the start of the space age.
    1961First human in spaceSoviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth.
    1963First Woman in spaceValentina Tereshkova, also a Soviet astronaut, became the first woman in space.
    1969Apollo 11 Moon landingAmerican astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the Moon.
    1971First space stationThe Soviet Union launched Salyut 1, the first space station.
    1972Pioneer 10, first Jupiter flybyPioneer 10 becames the first spacecraft to traverse the asteroid belt and perform a flyby of Jupiter.
    1976Viking 1 Mars landingThe US succesfully lands Viking 1 on Mars, performing the first successful landing and performing a lengthy mission.
    1981First launch of Space ShuttleNASA’s Space Shuttle, the world’s first reusable spacecraft, makes its maiden voyage.
    1998International Space StationThe first module of the ISS is launched, establishing a permanent human presence in space.
    2004SpaceShipOne, first commercial human spaceflightThe privately funded SpaceShipOne makes the first commercial human spaceflight.
    2012Curiosity Rover landing on MarsNASA’s Curiosity rover lands on Mars, starting its mission to investigate Martian climate and geology.
    2015First successful landing of a reusable rocketSpaceX’s Falcon 9 makes a successful vertical landing, ushering in the era of reusable rockets.
    2020First commercial flight to the ISSSpaceX’s Crew Dragon becomes the first commercial spacecraft to deliver astronauts to the ISS.