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    Timelines – Technology

    Inception and Earliest Milestones of Technology(Prehistoric Era – 3000 BC): Technological evolution has its roots embedded in prehistoric times when humans used simple tools. Fire and Stone Tools: Adopted by Homo Erectus approximately 1.7 million years ago, the mastery of fire contributed to early community cohesion and protection. Stone tools, also refined during this time, signaled the dawn of technology. Invention of Wheel (3500 BC): The wheel’s inception marks a transformative period in technological advancement, providing an efficient means of movement and labor mechanization.

    Ancient Technology (3000 BC – 500 AD): Bronze and Iron Age (3000 BC – 500 AD): These periods saw significant advancements in metallurgy, leading to stronger tools, weapons, and structures. Metallurgy also led to the development of currency systems.

    Medieval Technology (500 AD – 1500 AD): Advancements continued in the Middle Ages with defensive and agricultural tech. Water and Wind Mills (500 – 900 AD): The widespread use of water and wind power revolutionized energy generation, impacting agriculture and administration.

    Industrial Revolution (1760 – 1840): The industrial revolution brought significant change. Steam Engine (1712): Thomas Newcomen’s steam engine drove mechanization, factories, and transportation. Telegraph (1837): The telegraph revolutionized communication, shrinking the world as it existed then.

    Early Modern Era (1840 – 1940): The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw rapid technological growth. Electricity and Light Bulb (1879): The refinement of electricity distribution and the light bulb by Thomas Edison and contemporaries transformed industries and home life. Automobiles (1886): Invented by Karl Benz, the first modern automobile signaled a transportation revolution. First Flight (1903): The Wright Brothers achieved the first powered flight, marking the advent of air travel.

    Mid Twentieth Century Technology (1940 – 1980): This period was led by digital innovation and space exploration. Transistor (1947): This component, the foundation of all modern digital equipment, was a catalyst to miniaturizing electronic devices. First Man-Made Satellite (1957): The USSR’s launch of Sputnik 1 heralded the beginning of space exploration. Internet (1969): Initiated as ARPANET, it’s the precursor to the modern internet, transforming communication and business.

    Late Twentieth Century Technology (1980 – 2000): This period cemented the computer age. Personal Computers (1981): IBM’s launch of the first PC made computers accessible to ordinary people, stimulating the digital era. World Wide Web (1989): Invented by Tim Berners-Lee, it brought the internet to households, transforming information sharing, communication, and commerce.

    Twenty-First Century Technology (2000 – today): The dawn of this millennium welcomed the smartphone era, big data, AI, and the IoT. Birth of Smartphone (2007): Apple’s iPhone has revolutionized personal computing, communication and digital convergence. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Steadily improved upon since the 1950s, AI and machine learning have elevated technology to new heights, proving invaluable in sectors including science, healthcare, and finance.