• Home
    Step by step guides
    Setting up postfix on debian

    This is usually done using the following command in a terminal or command-line interface:

    ssh username@your_server_ip

    Step 2: Updating System Packages

    Before anything else, we need to make sure we have the latest updates. Enter the following command:

    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

    Step 3: Installing Postfix

    To install Postfix, run the following command:

    sudo apt install postfix

    During the installation, a configuration window may appear. Select ‘Internet Site’, then provide your fully qualified domain name (FQDN) or alias.

    Step 4: Configuring Postfix’s Main Configuration File

    We need to modify Postfix’s main configuration file. Let’s first backup the existing one:

    sudo cp /etc/postfix/main.cf /etc/postfix/main.cf.backup

    Now, open it with a text editor like nano:

    sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf

    Step 5: Setting Up General Settings

    In the configuration file, find and modify these parameters, replacing ‘your_domain.com’ with your domain:

    myhostname = mail.your_domain.com
    mydomain = your_domain.com
    myorigin = $mydomain
    mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost
    inet_interfaces = all

    Step 6: Setting Up Mailbox

    Under your general settings, add these lines to add mailbox settings:

    home_mailbox = Maildir/
    mailbox_size_limit = 0
    recipient_delimiter = +

    Step 7: Configuring SMTP

    Add or modify these lines to configure SMTP:

    smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP
    smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination
    smtpd_relay_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,permit_sasl_authenticated,defer_unauthenticated_sender

    After making these changes, save and close the file (with nano, you can do this with ‘Ctrl + X’, then ‘Y’ then hitting ‘Enter’).

    Step 8: Restarting Postfix

    Restart Postfix for the changes to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart postfix

    Step 9: Checking Postfix Status

    Check the status of your Postfix service using:

    sudo systemctl status postfix

    If everything is set up correctly, your output should show that the Postfix mail server is running.

    Step 10: Testing the Mail Server

    Send a test email using the mail command:

    echo "This is a test mail" | mail -s "Test Mail Subject" your-email@example.com